Types of Tooth Restoration

서울치과 Tooth restoration is about restoring a damaged tooth, so that it looks great and functions optimally again. There are two main types of restoration: direct and indirect.


Direct restorations are placed directly into a patient’s mouth. Examples include dental bonding and composite resins. They can also repair cracks and reduce gaps between teeth.

Dental Fillings

Fillings are a type of restoration that repair tooth decay and help keep your teeth doing their jobs. Typically, tooth fillings are made from substances that can ‘fill in’ the damaged part of your tooth and then be set hard.

There are several types of dental filling materials that dentists use. Each has its own pros and cons. The type of material your dentist recommends will depend on the location and extent of the tooth decay, how much you want to spend, your insurance coverage and cosmetic concerns.

Tooth-colored composite resin (commonly called white or plastic fillings) is an artificial tooth-like material that dentists glue to the surface of a tooth to repair damage caused by decay and other factors, like clenching and grinding. It looks and functions much like the natural tooth material it replaces. Composite resin can also be used to fix cracked or chipped teeth and to prepare the surface of a tooth before another restorative treatment, like veneers.

Silver or amalgam fillings contain mercury, which may cause a number of health problems if it is ingested or inhaled over time. Amalgams are less expensive than other 서울치과 types of tooth filling, but they don’t last as long and tend to weaken the remaining tooth over time. If a cavity has reached the root of your tooth, your dentist may put in a liner (such as composite resin or glass ionomer) to protect it from further decay and to prevent inflammation of the nerve.

Dental Crowns

Crowns are tooth-shaped caps that we place atop damaged teeth to restore their shape, size, strength, and appearance. They can be made out of metals, porcelain, ceramics, or resin. Dental crowns are usually covered by insurance and typically last 10 to 15 years when properly cared for.

Your dentist will anesthetize (numb) the tooth receiving the crown before reshaping it along its chewing surface and sides to accommodate the restoration. We will also remove any existing decay or filling material. The tooth is then shaped to fit over its own structure, which may be built up using filling material or inlay/onlay material, depending on the type of crown used.

The most common types of dental crowns are all-ceramic crowns, porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns, and metal crowns. All-ceramic crowns, like porcelain-fused-to-metal ones, look most like natural teeth. But they can be more susceptible to chipping and breaking compared to other crown types.

Metal crowns are a good choice for back teeth since they’re strong enough to withstand the bite forces they endure. They’re often made from noble metals, such as gold and platinum, but they can also be created from base metal alloys that are less expensive than pure gold or platinum.

Zirconia core-only crowns use a ceramic material for their inner core and standard transparent porcelain is then layered over the top of it to build up the crown’s outer shape and appearance. These crowns are highly durable, but they don’t look as lifelike as all-ceramic or porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns.

Dental Bridges

Dental bridges replace one or more missing teeth by joining artificial “teeth” to the natural teeth on either side of the gap. This is an effective, permanent tooth restoration. In addition to restoring the look of your smile, it can help distribute the forces of chewing and biting in a more normal way and may prevent the bone loss that occurs when teeth are missing.

The procedure to place a dental bridge consists of several visits. Your dentist will give you local anesthesia to keep you comfortable during the procedure. Then, they’ll reshape the natural teeth that will support your bridge (abutment teeth). They’ll also take dental impressions and send them to a laboratory to create your dental bridge. While you wait for your permanent bridge, they’ll place a temporary dental bridge over the abutment teeth to protect them.

During your follow-up appointments, your dentist will check your bridge for fit and comfort and make any adjustments as needed. They’ll then cement the final bridge in place. Your dentist may advise you to avoid certain foods that could damage or discolor your bridge and abutment teeth.

Dental bridges can last for years with proper care and oral hygiene. There are several types of dental bridges, including traditional fixed, cantilever and resin-bonded bridges. Dental implants, which are secured to the jawbone for stability, are another type of dental bridge that can be used for multiple missing teeth and are usually more durable than conventional bridges.


Dental implants are long-lasting, permanent tooth replacements that look and function like real teeth. They replace tooth roots and provide the stimulation needed to keep bones strong and healthy. They are also a good option for patients who do not want to wear dentures or bridges that require relying on adjacent teeth for support.

The first step in the implant process is to meet with your dentist for a consultation to discuss treatment options. This includes a thorough oral examination with x-rays and 3D images, as well as dental models of your jaw. We will also review your medical history to see if there are any factors that could prevent you from being a candidate for the procedure. For example, people with a chronic health condition such as uncontrolled diabetes or a history of blood clotting disorders may not be suitable for implantation.

During the surgical procedure, your surgeon will administer anesthesia to numb your gums and prepare the site of the implant. They will then drill a pilot hole into the jaw bone and slowly widen it to allow the implant screw to be placed. A dental cap, known as a healing cap, is then placed on the implant to protect it while the surrounding bone heals around it.

After up to six months, the implant will have fully healed and bonded with the jaw bone. During this time, your oral surgeon will uncover the implant and attach an abutment, which is what holds the artificial tooth or crown.